Case studies

Checks on the financial stability of companies in the preventive analysis of possible offenses in the award of contracts

Technological tools to support Italian public bodies in the fight against corruption.

(file Checks on the financial stability of companies in the preventive analysis of possible offenses in the award of contracts)

Journey into the Pinocchi society

The creation and dissemination of fake news, starting from the American campaign of 2016, seems to be a phenomenon that has affected many fields of society with considerable effects on a political, economic and social level. The speed of diffusion, thanks above all to social media, and the lack of attention from users, are leading to the systematic use of fake news with the aim of directing public opinion, exasperating the social impulses generated by economic uncertainty, frustration personal and fear of what is not possible to understand according to known categories. The story of reality has become easily manipulated. As a result, many organizations dealing with fact checking and debunking were born. In addition to the work of fact checkers and the algorithms generated by some social media, such as Facebook in collaboration with Google, it is possible to provide an effective and efficient support tool that automates some steps and presents analysis hypotheses by highlighting possible authors, diffusers, bots. ?

(file Journey into the Pinocchi society)

Money dirtying in terrorist financing: follow the money. (Strategies to combat the financing of international terrorism)

In the past, the laundering of “dirty” money by criminal organizations was considered a primary source of pollution of the financial markets; today, similar methods are implemented by terrorist organizations in the international scenario, with the aim of self-financing by manipulating legal and illegal assets, while at the same time altering markets and financial circuits. The phenomena related to the growth of a criminal economy in the territories controlled by Daesh are known. The technical-financial aspects of the phenomenon are important, where the "good currency" covers the "bad" one and the two currencies end up hybridizing. On an instrumental basis, we are witnessing a pact of complicity with operators who themselves become de facto objects and accomplices of money laundering and terrorist financing. In the law enforcement action, the analysis and in-depth analysis of the reports concerning the so-called "suspicious financial transactions" represent the fundamental pillars of the investigative method, in analogy to what has been achieved in the fight against organized crime of mafia origin. The central success factor is, therefore, a structured engagement in financial intelligence on the assets of terrorist contexts.

(file Money dirtying in terrorist financing: follow the money. Strategies to combat the financing of international terrorism)

New analysis techniques for the control and prevention of post-earthquake infiltrations

From the point of view of historical experience, the investigative analysis activities carried out on the reconstruction interventions after the L'Aquila earthquake constitute an interesting reference for future control and prevention activities of criminal infiltration following serious calamitous events. The necessity of monitor, manage and store information from different areas of activity (assignment of private contracts, condominium administrators, consortia of companies and single companies, workers, vehicles, etc.) makes it essential to use software that allow you to apply theVisual Analysis to reveal roles and relationships of interest (Social Network Analysis) by combining immediate findings on external sources and Social Media, to facilitate the cross-study of data and their conversion into information useful for investigations, especially in the preventive stage.

(file New analysis techniques for the control and prevention of post-earthquake infiltrations)

Innovative solutions applied to investigative analysis aimed at the study of criminal networks

The growing role that the Social Network Analysis in solving crimes it has not only increased the demand for technological tools, but has also offered unlimited opportunities to new analysis strategies previously unavailable. Software is created that, on the one hand, make it possible to apply it to one large amount of data and on the other, allow to use new types of measurement of data, not yet applied in Intelligence analysis, but which are extremely effective in revealing the structural models underlying criminal networks and therefore in providing valid suggestions for the solution of cases.

(file Innovative solutions applied to investigative analysis aimed at the study of criminal networks)

The role of Social Media in the investigation

In the activities of fighting crime, in recent years the ability to analyze, understand and predict complex criminal events and phenomena has assumed great importance. In this context, it spreads and recognizes the usefulness in the context of information-investigative activities that range from telephone communications to criminal organizations, terrorist groups, social media and the analysis of social networks, starting from the fundamental observation that the majority of the information under investigation by the police is news of a relational nature.

(file The role of Social Media in the investigation)

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